Wednesday, 23 September 2020

Betadine mouth wash, useful in protection against the virus

Betadine is nothing short of a common household name. To all our throat problems, betadine has always been the perfect solution. But this humble solution is making headlines over the past few weeks, as many researchers believe that betadine mouthwash can be helpful in destroying the coronavirus and thus be instrumental in preventing COVID-19. It is also believed that if someone is already sick, the effects could be reduced with the use of betadine mouthwash. 

From the past few decades, we all know that betadine to be a microbicidal agent. Researchers believe that povidone and iodine, the main components of betadine, show considerable virucidal activity. In an interview given to Times of India, Dr Sumita Shakar, associate professor in plastic surgery at Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada, said , “Betadine is valuable because of its most potent bactericidal, virucidal and fungicidal properties. I am confident that this drug is going to be a more effective solution before a vaccine comes.”

After testing on a small group of COVID-19 patients, researchers have discovered that after the use of the mouthwash, the viruses in their saliva sample had reduced notably. It was also mentioned in a recent research that the effect of the betadine mouthwash lasts for 4-6 hours and thus rinsing the mouth for 2-3 minutes should be a repeated process, at least 4 times in a day. 

Tropical Infectious Diseases Research and Education Center (TIDREC) at the University of Malaya, have conducted various laboratory tests and have confirmed that the tested products killed almost 99.99% of SARS-CoV-2 virus in about 15 seconds. 

Scientists also noticed that even in diseases like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), that are very much like COVID-19, the iodine mouthwash had produced quite effective results. Many doctor scientists believe that using the betadine mouthwash regularly could be the simplest and cheapest way to safeguard oneself against the deadly coronavirus.

Blog reviewed by:Dr. Shailesh Pandey
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Tuesday, 7 July 2020

ENT Problems in the time of COVID 19 and Coronavirus

Coronavirus affects different people differently. It is established, however, that most of the people who are infected will show dry cough, fever and fatigue. A few other symptoms which must be looked out for, are as follows:
  • Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath
  • Aches and pains in muscles and/or bones
  • Frequent/Constant headaches
  • Unusual loss of smell or taste
  • Running or a congested nose 
  • Loose motions

Someone who shows mild and common symptoms but is healthy otherwise can try to manage his symptoms, but medical help must be sought immediately in case they get serious. 

Otolaryngologists, better known as ENT specialist doctors play an imperative role in the fight against coronavirus. ENT patients who suffer from sinus, ear infection, sore throat, nosebleeds, etc need to be all the more careful during these testing times. But at the same time, it must be remembered that having an ENT problem does not mean that you are infected with the coronavirus. Doctors believe that infection from coronavirus is possible through our eyes but it isn’t likely through one’s ears. If someone who is infected with COVID 19, coughs or sneezes, the infection can easily spread through the nose and mouth.

If you or anyone around you has developed any of the mentioned symptoms or is showing conditions that affect their ears, nose, throat or if anyone has been exposed to novel coronavirus you must seek medical help. The doctors and staff at AUM ENT Clinic are well-trained to help you with a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Blog reviewed by:Dr. Shailesh Pandey
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Tuesday, 17 March 2020

Hearing Loss In Children –Everything You Need To Know

The hearing ability of a child helps develop his/her language skills and speech. As a parent, knowing that your child is diagnosed with hearing loss brings in a lot of concern and anxiety. But to be assured, there are many treatments available to combat the condition.

Hearing loss in children can occur after birth or later in childhood. Hearing loss is confirmed in the children when they cannot hear sounds below a particular volume in one or both the ears. The minimum threshold of the sound is 15 to 20 decibels. It is a combination of loss of volume and frequency. Hearing loss in children can be temporary or permanent and ranges from slight, mild, moderate, severe, and, lastly, profound hearing loss ( complete deafness).


Usually, after the childbirth, hospitals perform hearing tests to check the proper functioning of the ears. However, there is a chance that even if the child has passed the tests, he/she might exhibit hearing loss as they get older. The signs to notice in children and infants to identify the condition are:
  • Newborns do not startle to loud noises or respond to the voices with a smile
  • Infants don't see toys that make noises
  • They don't make babbling noises or use sound to get attention
  • They don't react to their name, or can't speak simple words
  • Children often prefer TV volume to be louder
  • Complain of ear pain


Hearing loss can be caused due to factors like:
  • OTITIS MEDIA – It is a type of middle ear infection that occurs due to the incomplete formation of tubes that connect the middle ear to the nose. It leads to the build-up of fluid in the area and infection.
  • BIRTH COMPLICATIONS- problems during birth like infection, low oxygen, premature birth, and medications used during pregnancy by the mother.
  • GENETIC PROBLEM – There is a possibility that each parent carries a recessive gene that is passed on to the child, which results in congenital hearing loss. 


The treatments depend on the cause of the condition and the extent of hearing loss. The different options include:
  • MEDICATION – These are the first line of treatment where antibiotics are prescribed for any kind of infection present in the ears.
  • EAR TUBES – These are put into the child's ear to drain the fluids and prevent infection.
  • HEARING AID – These devices help children hear clearly.
  • COCHLEAR IMPLANTS – These are the devices that are placed inside the inner ear surgically that stimulate the auditory nerve. These are suggested for children who can't benefit from hearing aids.

Blog reviewed by:Dr. Shailesh Pandey
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Wednesday, 1 January 2020

Repossess the buds

The inability to detect odors and taste would be problematic for many, and this becomes an issue as one grows old. There is a close connection between the senses of smell and taste. The ability to smell will also have a direct impact on our taste buds. Only a few tastes would be known when the nose is affected. 


In many of the cases, the problem with taste is connected to the respiratory system. The most common condition that would affect the taste and smell would include:

  • Cold 
  • Flu 
  • Sinus infections 
  • Throat infections 
  • Salivary gland infections 
  • Injury on the nose 
  • Nasal polyps 
  • Certain medications 
  • Drug abuse 
  • Age 
  • Radiation and related treatments
  • Smoking 
  • Nutritional deficiency 
  • Head or ear injuries 
  • Gum infections 

Disorders in the nervous system will also have an impact on the senses of taste and smell. The disorders in the nervous system would affect the nerves and would turn out to be a block in sending messages to the rest of the body. The organs which control the taste will also be affected by nervous impairment. 

Medical care 

Depending on the condition, the doctor would recommend the treatment. Certain problems such as normal cold and flu cure on its own hence, no medicines would be suggested. Decongestants would be provided for short-term use so that the nasal passages can open up and would help to breathe easily. Medications would be provided for issues such as bacterial sinusitis, throat infections, and salivary gland infections. The doctor would prescribe medicines to treat nervous disorders or autoimmune disease as these could repair the taste buds too. 

The doctor would recommend surgery if there are polyps that turn out to be a hindrance to the senses of taste and smell. With surgery, the doctor would remove the polyp and help improve the sense of smell. A healthy lifestyle could also help regain the lost senses to a normal state. Smoking can have an adverse effect on the senses, especially in connection with taste, and it could also dull the sense of smell too. Proper dental hygiene, brushing, and flossing can also bring out a difference orally as it could solve the dental problems that affect the sense of taste. This could eliminate the issues and help regain the senses completely.

Blog reviewed by:Dr. Shailesh Pandey
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Tuesday, 19 November 2019

What Is A BAHA Implant

The Bone Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA) is an innovative surgical implant device that has been approved by the food and drug administration to help people with hearing loss. The device is proven to be reliable and beneficial for patients with chronic ear infections, microtia and, single-sided deafness for which conventional hearing aids are deemed to be ineffective. The system works on the principle by achieving hearing through bone conduction, i.e., by transmitting the sound waves through the bone rather than through the medium of air. Trough this principle, the sound waves received by the system directly reach cochlea bypassing the outer and the middle ear where the information is converted into neural signals and transferred to the brain.

The BAHA system consists of three parts, namely the titanium fixture, the abutment, and the external sound processor. The titanium implant, along with the abutment, is placed behind the deaf ear by a small surgical procedure under anesthesia and allowed for osteointegration with the bone tissue for 3-4 months. Once the implant is firmly attached, the external sound processor is connected. Mostly the surgery is performed as an outpatient procedure, or maximum requires a one-night stay in the hospital.

Suitable Candidates For BAHA

The candidates suitable for the procedure should have hearing loss either from one of the below-mentioned conditions such as:
  • Congenital atresia
  • Chronic otitis media
  • Cholesteatoma
  • Middle ear dysfunction/disease
  • Sudden hearing loss
  • Infection of the ear canal resulting in chronic draining ears
  • Meniere's disease

Advantages Of BAHA

The device is a boon for individuals who can't use conventional hearing aids. The various benefits include:
  • Individuals can hear sounds more clearly due to its principle of bone conduction
  • Comfortable to wear
  • Can test the equipment before the surgery is conducted
  • It does not damage or harm residual hearing
  • The device is easy to maintain with a simple design
  • Connecting and disconnecting the sound processor is very easy and simple

There are different kinds of BAHA sound processors available to choose from that are compatible with devices like iPods, cell phones, and MP3 players.

To know if you're the right candidate for BAHA, then fix your appointment with Dr.Shailesh Pandey at AUM ENT Clinic. A highly equipped clinic where advanced ENT surgeries are performed.

Blog reviewed by:Dr. Shailesh Pandey
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Thursday, 24 October 2019

Multilevel Single Stage Surgery For Snoring And Sleep Apnea

Snoring is a common condition worldwide that can affect any individual. But often people fail to notice that it might even lead to more severe life-threating problems apart from annoying their partners if left untreated. Sometimes it can also be caused due to a critical condition known as sleep apnea. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a condition in which an individual's airway will be obstructed, causing breathing trouble during sleep. It creates a disturbance in the individual's sleep pattern as they have to wake up in between to start breathing again.

There are many over the counter medications available to cure snoring that are often ineffective. It is always better to consult a specialist who can accurately pinpoint the main reasons for the problem and suggest appropriate, effective methods to solve the condition. For mild forms of snoring, the doctor can suggest nasal sprays, steroid injections, or dental appliances. In case of severe snoring where the conventional methods are deemed to be ineffective, then surgery is the only option to be considered.

In surgery, the specialist will try to identify and correct the respiratory parts that are causing the snoring. The respiratory parts that need to be fixed to stop snoring include the nose, tongue, palate, and the bones of the face, neck, and jaw.

Previously separate surgeries were performed to treat sleep apnea and fix the underlying problem. But thanks to the latest technology and advanced research studies, Now it is possible to treat the condition by just performing a multilevel single stage surgery.

What is Multilevel Surgery?

Different sleep studies have identified that nose and soft palate play a pivotal role in causing the breathing obstruction in patients suffering from sleep apnea. Rather than treating both the conditions differently, it is now possible to resolve both the issues just by performing a single stage procedure.

In this procedure, the surgeon makes use of the latest technique known as Barbed reposition Pharyngoplasty, while correcting the nasal and retropalatal obstructions in the patients.BARB sutures help to treat the soft palate condition without excising much of the tissue while the nasal component is treated with suitable procedure depending on the deformity.

The nasal surgeries, along with BRP, can provide effective and promising results to the patients. It not only solves the problem but also helps cut down the patient's multiple visits to the hospital and is also a cost-effective procedure.

It requires a highly experienced and specialized surgeon to correctly identify the problem and perform the procedure with effective results.

If you are vexed of your snoring problem and want to eliminate it with a single surgery, contact Dr.Shailesh Pandey at AUM ENT Clinic. A highly skilled ENT specialist who has unparalleled experience in treating sleep-related disorders.

To know more, visit- 
The article has been accepted and published by the Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery.

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Blog reviewed by:Dr. Shailesh Pandey
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Thursday, 17 October 2019

Rhinoplasty - After Care Tips

Are you not happy with your nose shape? Do you think that a change in your nose shape may enhance your beauty? Is something disturbing your breathing? Is your nose misplaced due to any kind of trauma? Don't worry Rhinoplasty will help you.

Rhinoplasty(nose job) is a surgery performed to change the shape of your nose. The nose is one of the well-defined characteristics of the face, a good alteration can improve ones facial appearance. Rhinoplasty is not only a cosmetic concern, but it is also an option for people who feel difficulty in breathing due to nasal misalignment.


  • General or local anesthesia is given to the patient before the surgery to make the procedure pain free.
  • The surgeon makes cuts inside the nose or outside the nose accordingly.
  • Through these incisions, the skin which covers the nasal bones and cartilages is gently raised, this will allow the access to reshape the structure of the nose.
  • A large nose can be reduced by removing cartilage or bone.
  • If the septum is misplaced it can be straightened which can improve your breathing.
  • After correction, the incisions are then closed.

After the surgery:

  • When you lie down keep your head raised above the chest, this would help you to avoid bleeding and swelling.
  • Internal dressing of the nose remains for at least a week.
  • You may suffer from slight bleeding, leakage of mucus and old blood for a week after the surgery or after removing the dressing.
  • A drip pad will be placed by the surgeon to collect the drainage.
  • Avoid heavy activities that may strain your nose.
  • During bath take precaution for the nose.
  • Avoid blowing your nose.
  • Do not smile or laugh too much.
  • Brush your teeth gently without affecting your nose.
  • Do not use eyeglasses for a week.

At AUM ENT CLINIC MUMBAI our expert specialist strives to provide you with the best treatments for all your ENT problems.

Blog reviewed by:Dr. Shailesh Pandey
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